Erscheinungsdatum: 08/2013Medium: TaschenbuchEinband: Kartoniert / BroschiertTitel: Laura Bassi and Science in 18th Century EuropeTitelzusatz: The Extraordinary Life and Role of Italy´s Pioneering Female ProfessorAutor: Frize, MoniqueVerlag: Springe
What motivates those few scientists who rise above their peers to achieve breakthrough discoveries? This book examines the careers of fifteen eminent scientists who achieved some of the most notable discoveries of the past century, providing an insider’s perspective on the history of twentieth century science based on these engaging personality profiles. They include: • Dan Shechtman, the 2011 Nobel laureate and discoverer of quasicrystals; • James D. Watson, the Nobel laureate and codiscoverer of the double helix structure of DNA; • Linus Pauling, the Nobel laureate remembered most for his work on the structure of proteins; • Edward Teller, a giant of the 20th century who accomplished breakthroughs in understanding of nuclear fusion; • George Gamow, a pioneering scientist who devised the initially ridiculed and now accepted Big Bang. In each case, the author has uncovered a singular personality characteristic, motivational factor, or circumstance that, in addition to their extraordinary drive and curiosity, led these scientists to make outstanding contributions. For example, Gertrude B. Elion, who discovered drugs that saved millions of lives, was motivated to find new medications after the deaths of her grandfather and later her fiancé. F. Sherwood Rowland, who stumbled upon the environmental harm caused by chlorofluorocarbons, eventually felt a moral imperative to become an environmental activist. Rosalyn Yalow, the codiscoverer of the radioimmunoassay always felt she had to prove herself in the face of prejudice against her as a woman. These and many more fascinating revelations make this a must-read for everyone who wants to know what traits and circumstances contribute to a person’s becoming the scientist who makes the big breakthrough.
Erscheinungsdatum: 06/2010Medium: BuchEinband: GebundenTitel: Nuclear Computational ScienceTitelzusatz: A Century in ReviewAutor: Azmy, Yousry // Sartori, EnricoVerlag: Springer-Verlag GmbH // Springer NetherlandSprache: EnglischSchlagworte: Atomk
In many ways, twentieth-century America was the land of superheroes and science fiction. From Superman and the X-Men to the Fantastic Four these pop-culture juggernauts, with their powers and abilities far beyond those of mortal men, thrilled readers and audiences - and simultaneously embodied a host of our dreams and fears about modern life and the onrushing future. But that´s just scratching the surface, says Jeffrey J. Kripal. In Mutants and Mystics, he offers a brilliantly insightful account of how comic book heroes have helped their creators and fans alike explain a wealth of paranormal experiences ignored by mainstream science. Delving deeply into the work of major figures in the field - from Jack Kirby´s cosmic superhero sagas and Philip K. Dick´s futuristic head-trips to Alan Moore´s sex magic and Whitley Strieber´s communion with visitors - Kripal shows how creators turned to science fiction to convey the reality of the inexplicable and the paranormal they experienced in their lives. Expanded consciousness found its language in the metaphors of sci-fi-incredible powers, unprecedented mutations, vast intergalactic intelligences-and the themes from mythology and religion they drew from; the wildly creative work that followed caught the imaginations of millions. Moving deftly from Cold War science and Fredric Wertham´s anticomics crusade to gnostic revelation and alien abduction, Kripal spins out a hidden history of American culture, rich with mythical themes and shot through with an awareness that there are other realities beyond our everyday understanding. A bravura performance, beautifully illustrated and brimming over with incredible anecdotes, Mutants and Mystics is that rarest of things: a book that is guaranteed to broaden - and maybe even blow - your mind.
A 5th Century training manual for the organization, weapons and tactics of the Roman Legions. Vegetius´s De Re Militari was the only major work of Roman military science to survive from classical times. It was widely studied in the Middle Ages and was a key source for Medieval warfare and siege tactics. Illustrated.
Erscheinungsdatum: 01.12.1998Medium: TaschenbuchEinband: Kartoniert / BroschiertTitel: The Future of the Non-Western World in the Social Sciences of 19th Century EnglandAutor: Mak, Ricardo King SangVerlag: Lang, Peter GmbH // Peter Lang GmbH, Interna
Erscheinungsdatum: 11/2017Medium: TaschenbuchEinband: Kartoniert / BroschiertTitel: Jacob Moleschott - A Transnational BiographyTitelzusatz: Science, Politics, and Popularization in Nineteenth-Century EuropeAutor: Meneghello, LauraVerlag: Transcript
Erscheinungsdatum: 24.11.2016Medium: DVDInhalt: 2 DVDsTitel: Independence Day 1+2Regisseur: Emmerich, RolandVerlag: Twentieth Century FoxSprache: Englisch // DeutschUntertitel: Deutsch, EnglischSchlagworte: Video // Film // Actionfilm // Science F
Although fossils have provided some of the most important evidence for evolution, the discipline of paleontology has not always had a central place in evolutionary biology. Beginning in Darwin´s day, and for much of the twentieth century, paleontologists were often regarded as mere fossil collectors by many evolutionary biologists, their attempts to contribute to evolutionary theory ignored or regarded with scorn. In the 1950s, however, paleontologists began mounting a counter-movement that insisted on the valid, important, and original contribution of paleontology to evolutionary theory. This movement, called paleobiology by its proponents, advocated for an approach to the fossil record that was theoretical, quantitative, and oriented towards explaining the broad patterns of evolution and extinction in the history of life. Rereading the Fossil Record provides, as never before, a historical account of the origin, rise, and importance of paleobiology, from the mid-nineteenth century to the late 1980s. Drawing on a wealth of archival material, David Sepkoski shows how the movement was conceived and promoted by a small but influential group of paleontologists - including Stephen Jay Gould and Niles Eldredge, among others - and examines the intellectual, disciplinary, and political dynamics involved in the ascendancy of paleobiology. By emphasizing the close relationship between paleobiology and other evolutionary disciplines, this book writes a new chapter in the history of evolutionary biology, while also offering insights into the dynamics of disciplinary change in modern science.